In 2010 Jewish burial land was transferred to the local Council for other uses as it would no longer be needed by the few remaining Jews of Oradea.
What did they do for Oradea?
Does their legacy exist today?
Did they go of their own free will?
Did people try to help them?
Why should we care?
Has it happened since?
Could it happen again?
How do we prevent prejudice and intolerance?
Link to selected items of News:
Anne Frank exhibition
Thanks to our major sponsor Claims Conference we
have been able to continue our programme of visits
to different regions of Romania with our Anne Frank
exhibition. In April 2016 we have been to Resita and
Hunedoara. More detail on our Facebook.
25 Apr 2016
Reaching young people
Our programme for reaching young people in
schools with our travelling exhibitions continues
and with visits to Sintandrei and a synagogue in Oradea
we have now reached 11 different locations. See our Facebook.
18 Apr 2016
Successful launch in Timisoara
The "Anne Frank A History for Today" exhibition
was launched on 9 March and will run until 29
9 Mar 2016
Anne Frank exhibition in Timisoara
Tomorrow we launch the "Anne Frank A History for Today"
exhibition in Timisoara. It will be available for viewing for
the next month. See our Facebook for pictures of the event.
8 Mar 2016
Helping the Fundamental Rights Agency
Asociatia Tikvah was very pleased to be invited
to the Fundamental Rights Agency of the
European Union in Vienna to partake in an
important workshop last week. More information
29 Feb 2016
Reaching young people
Asociatia Tikvah has been supported by Joods
Humanitair Fonds and the Bernard Charitable
Trust to take its exhibitions to many schools and
other places where young people are present.
The first three school presentations can be seen
on our Facebook pages.
6 Feb 2016
International Holocaust Remembrance Day
Today, on the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz,
we remember those who suffered and perished in the
Holocaust, including the tens of thousands from Oradea
who were sent on forced labour or who were deported to
that death camp.
We are participating in a number of commemoration
27 Jan 2016
Two minorities: two histories
We have created more educational materials for teachers with
a view to encouraging an understanding amongst students of
the identity and history of the Roma and the Jews. The
importance of how stereotypes and prejudice can lead to
discrimination is also explored through students thinking
about their own identities.
More information is contained in our News section or we invite
readers to visit our new website for teachers (www.tikvahedu.ro).
We are grateful to the primary funder of this project (Joods
Humanitair Fonds) for all their support and encouragement
over many years.
13 Jan 2016
Lots more News
We have more coverage of the statue unveiling; a
learning experience in Copenhagen; the launch of two
books at the University of Oradea; and pupils from
Biharia visiting the memorial to the deported children.
28 Oct 2015
Today we unveil the statue
Today we will unveil the statue in the memory of the
Jewish children deported from Oradea during the
Holocaust in Northern Transylvania. It is sited in Balcescu
Park from where the trains left to Auschwitz.
More details in the next few days.
15 Oct 2015
Today we remember
On 9 October 1941 began the deportation of Jews from
Bessarabia and Bukovina to Transnistria under the regime
of Ion Antonescu. This commemoration for this event was
led in Bucharest by the President of Romania, Mr Klaus Iohannis.
See our News for further information.
9 Oct 2015
Anne Frank exhibition in Bucharest
Today we launched the "Anne Frank A History for Today"
exhibition in the National Library of Bucharest. It will be
available for viewing for the next month. See our Facebook
for pictures of the event.
21 Sep 2015
Third year of tennis competition
Remembering Lenke Ziszovits Popper the national
tennis champion deported to Auschwitz. More detail
27 Aug 2015
Memorial for the children – an update
You have been magnificent and we have reached
our target. Please see our News to check the
1 July 2015/11 Aug 2015
Memorial for the children - an appeal
Although we have raised significant funds for
a memorial to the lost generation of Jewish
children we are still in need of the last few $ to
make it a reality. Please read our News and
see if you can help this final push.
1 June 2015
It has been a particularly hectic time for the
Asociatia Tikvah team travelling hundreds of
kilometres in a few days to put on exhibitions
More details are on our Facebook.
24 May 2015
Today we remember Mauthausen
It was 70 years ago today that US troops entered
the concentration camp at Mauthausen. Lives of
liberators and the liberated were to be changed forever
on that day.
See our resources for schools.
5 May 2015
Anne Frank exhibition to Bistrita
We launch the Anne Frank exhibition in Bistrita on
Tuesday 21st April at Noon at the Bistrita Museum.
19 April 2015
It was 70 years ago today that British troops entered
the concentration camp at Bergen-Belsen. Lives of
liberators and the liberated were to be changed forever
on that day.
To learn more about the events of that day refer to our News.
15 April 2015
A visit to Roşia
Asociatia Tikvah presented the educational resources created within
our "Voices of the Liberators" project to a group of pupils at the
Şcoala Gimnazială nr. 1 in Roşia (School Manager:
Mrs. Szilaghi Valentina).
More information on our Facebook.
31 March 2015
Successful exhibition launch in Brasov
We had a very successful exhibition launch in Brasov of the
"Anne Frank- A History for Today" exhibition. We will be posting
details and pictures of the event in the next couple of days
on our Facebook.
25 March 2015
EU Education Ministers have vowed to increase education in
schools to "promote freedom of thought and expression, social
inclusion and respect for others, as well as to prevent and
tackle discrimination in all its forms".
15 March 2015
Brasov - the next destination
The magnificent synagogue in Brasov is the next destination
after Sibiu for the Anne Frank exhibition. See our Facebook
15 March 2015
The Dutch Ambassador, Matthijs van Bonzel, together with
Silviu Bors, Manager of the ASTRA library, launch the Anne
Frank exhibition in Sibiu.
The Dutch Embassy are the generous sponsors of the
touring of our exhibition in 2015.
The exhibition will be open for viewing until 20 March.
2 March 2015Our Anne Frank exhibition goes to Sibiu
23 February 2015
Thanks to support from the US Embassy in Bucharest our
project Voices of the Liberators has started to tour.
13 February 2015
The event on 27 January also had a moving display
of Holocaust design created by the Liceul de Arte.
See the detail in News.
30 January 2015
The event on 27 January. More detail is in News
and on our Facebook.
28/29 January 2015
Join us today.
27 January 2015
Our Remembrance resources in Romanian and English are
now available for review and download.
More detail in News.
22 January 2015
More information as to the programme and the attendees
at the event on 27 January was given to the Press.
More information can be found in our News section.
20 January 2015
In recognition of the forthcoming Remembrance date the
German Embassy in London invited Asociatia Tikvah to a
reception hosted by the Ambassador.
18 January 2015
Our Remembrance event on 27 January is co-hosted with
the British Embassy. Regular updates of the programme
for the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz will
A selection of our projects:
All over the world the 27 January is the date chosen on which to remember the victims of the Holocaust. Although Romania has its own memorial date of 9 October it is appropriate in Northern Transylvania, in particular, to recall the 27th, the date Auschwitz was liberated. Asociatia Tikvah worked with partners in the UK and Canada for the 2014 commemoration and for 2015 we worked with organisations in the UK, the USA and Russia to produce commemoration materials that can be used in Romanian schools and elsewhere. We received committments from many institutions in Oradea (and Bihor more widely) to increase their own involvement in commemoration on 27 January 2015 and we assisted them in their efforts. In 2016, we still continued to commemorate the 27 January, but did it through taking our exhibitions to other locations in Northern Transylvania which were wishing to remember.
We wanted to have a title for the series of projects that we have undertaken where we have created travelling exhibitions for taking to schools (and community locations). We chose the overall title of Red Bicycle Projects as we explain below. All these projects have been funded by Joods Humanitair Fonds (from the Netherlands) and the Bernard Charitable Trust (from the UK).
Oradea 1931 - Auschwitz 1944
Eva Heyman loved her red bicycle and cried when it was confiscated by the police as one of the repressive measures against the Jewish population of Oradea. We have created an exhibition to be taken into schools and other public locations to show the dangers of prejudice and discrimination. This exhibition and an associated presentation is available to schools who contact us.
Lights in the Night
In our work in schools we have had many questions from pupils asking why the ghetto and deportations from Oradea (then Nagyvarad) were allowed to take place and why no-one tried to stop it. In fact, there were examples of help from the non-Jewish population, both Romanian and Hungarian, but these positive examples have been largely hidden to date or not made public enough.
This exhibition shows examples of rescuers in the Holocaust and is available to schools who contact us.
About Judaism and Jewish Life
Our work in schools identified that there was very little understanding about Jewish life and Judaism. Many pupils had never met a Jew. There was much confusion about the beliefs of Jews or the meaning of their rituals and way of life.
Our third itinerant exhibition aims to dispel myths and give a greater insight into what it means to be a Jew. Once again the exhibition is available to schools who contact us.
"Two minorities - two histories" was a project to produce resources which would prompt discussion about identity, stereotypes and discrimination whilst inviting students to consider how these factors have impacted upon the histories of the Roma and the Jews.
The package of resources includes Powerpoints, lesson plans and comprehensive background materials. All can be downloaded without charge from our website for teachers.
Through the generosity of Joods Humanitair Fonds and the Bernard Charitable Trust we have been enabled in 2016 to tour with our exhibitions, primarily to rural schools, but also to other locations where young people are gathered. We continue to spread the lessons of history and apply them to the world of today.
In 2014 we launched our partnership with Anne Frank House in the Netherlands. This involved Asociatia Tikvah translating the "Anne Frank - A History for Today" exhibition into Romanian and then touring this famous exhibition in public venues across Transylvania.
Additionally, an electronic resource for schools consisting of a timeline which contrasts the short lives of Anne Frank and Eva Heyman was mafe available in 2015.
Anne Frank House generously provided the exhibition and Claims Conference from the United States covered the majority of the remaining costs to get the project off the ground. The Dutch Embassy in Bucharest then funded a continuation of the touring and were joined by the Bernard Charitable Trust from the UK and further funding by Claims Conference and Anne Frank House which enables us to continue throughout 2016.
The Primariei (Teleki) Street orthodox synagogue was built in 1928 and was the last synagogue built in
We wished to create an appropriate memorial statue in Oradea in the image of Eva Heyman, as representative of all the Jewish children of Oradea who suffered or died due to the horrific events of 1944. This we achieved and the statue was unveiled in October 2015 and Eva is pictured below with the sculptor Flor Kent.
Oradea had once a vibrant and populous Jewish community. In "Family albums" we offer an opportunity, to descendants of families who once lived here, to remember those families, individually and collectively, by publishing photographs, documents and memories.
In many parts of the world the teaching of human rights, genocide and the Holocaust is part of the curriculum in schools. In Romania, it is optional. Asociatia Tikvah is helping teachers in schools through making available DVDs and lesson plans. Our first venture, with the invaluable support of the University of London, the United Nations and the Memorial Library of New York, has been to translate and make available the “Footprints” resource. Schools may contact us to find out how to access these resources.
Oradea had two ghettos in 1944 and there are many stories to be told of courage, sacrifice and cruelty related to those ghettos. It is important to learn from lessons of the past and research by Asociatia Tikvah is discovering and documenting events of those times.
Cemeteries are one fragment of historical evidence proving the past existence of the Jewish community in Oradea. They serve as information sources for art history, social history or family genealogy. Above all they are loving memorials. We want to create an electronic memorial to the Jews of Oradea, supplemented with an appropriate publication. Please help us if you can.
Linking the Holocaust to the developments in Human Rights since the end of World War II can lead to a greater understanding of what can occur if basic rights of citizens are ignored. We have been pleased to be develop an extra-curricular series of lesson plans for schools in partnership with a major High School in Oradea. This series of lessons can be replicated in other schools. Please contact us if you are interested.